The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency defines bioremediation as "a process whereby naturally occurring microbes, typically bacteria or fungi, degrade harmful chemicals into non-toxic compounds."
Simple Green's role in bioremediation is two-fold: suppressing vapors and altering the physical composition of the contaminant through a special process called Micro-Particulate Fractionalization™ (MPF). The MPF process involves breaking down large globs of oil, grease and fat into much smaller microscopic droplets called "micelles." The MPF process makes these droplets increasingly smaller and more numerous, offering them as a food source for the stimulated bacteria with no deleterious effect on the indigenous bacteria.

According to Celia Henkens, Co-Director Marine Biomedical Center Duke University Marine Laboratory, "The part that Simple Green plays in this process is facilitating the hydrocarbon bacterial juxtaposition. Hydrocarbons tend to stay in oily pockets and bacteria like to live in watery places and Simple Green works well to help these come together."

Simple Green is currently being used as part of a bioremediation process developed by H&H Eco Systems, Inc. H&H specializes in advanced bioremediation of hazardous waste. H&H Eco Systems, Inc. has developed an unique "bio-triangle" approach to dealing with hazardous waste. Simple Green alters the physical composition of the contaminant, H&H nutrients provide a balanced biological diet and the Microenfractionator® serves as the mechanical component to enhance this process.

The following is a summary of the "bio-triangle" bioremediation process:

Simple Green alters the physical composition of the contaminant and suppresses vapors (while being non-toxic to bacteria and not acting as a food source). Simple Green breaks down the hydrocarbon chain, reducing it to near molecular size. This gives the biological system the best opportunity to decontaminate the hydrocarbons.

H&H Micro-2D and H&H Micro-51D provide a nearly complete program by nutritionally balancing the bioremediation process. The H&H nutrient line represents blends of organic and inorganic compounds and elements as well as growth regulators and co-metabolites. These nutrients are designed to stimulate the indigenous microflora degrader population. Laboratory tests have shown as much as a ten-fold increase in bacterial activity using H&H nutrient products versus straight chemical nutrients.

The Microenfractionator® provides for over 90% homogenization of the soil thus allowing for nearly complete distribution of chemicals and nutrients throughout the biological system. A complete oxygenation of the soil as well as a purging of the carbon dioxide occurs. Keeping the oxygen level high results in a much faster degradation of contaminate in the soil.

The Bioremediation Cycle

Read About Simple Green's most recent Bioremediation project.

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